Sclerotium Gum: A natural polysaccharide alternative to synthetic polymers, used to stabilize, emulsify, thicken and enhance product texture with skin soothing and moisturizing properties.
Shorea Stenoptera Seed Butter: Rich in beneficial fatty acids and vitamins A and E, also known as Illipe butter, it has powerful moisturizing and emollient properties, enhances the skin barrier protective function, improves elasticity and protects against UV damage and premature aging.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil: Derived from a medicinal plant, with a wide range of therapeutic properties this unique antioxidant plant wax which mimics human sebum closely, contains valuable phytonutrients including wax esters, flavonoids, sterols, fatty acids and vitamins D, E and A. Biocompatible and highly stable, it is easily absorbed, non-greasy and non-comedogenic with superior moisturizing and emollient properties, enhancing skin hydration. A good choice for acne-prone skin along with its sebum balancing, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties it also provides useful natural UV protection, stimulates collagen production, promotes wound healing and enhances formula activity.
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate: A vitamin C derivative. Highly stable, water-soluble, converted by enzymes in the skin to ascorbic acid, an essential skin nutrient, allowing it to penetrate and be more effective. By providing significant anti-oxidant benefits, it protects against UV damage and premature skin aging, supports collagen synthesis, reduces dark spots, promotes skin barrier function and wound healing and provides acne fighting benefits.
Sodium Benzoate: A versatile safe food grade and medicinal preservative, derived from benzoic acid, which occurs widely in plants. Used in small amounts it plays a crucial role, enhancing the safety and stability of formulas by inhibiting harmful microbial growth.
Sodium Hydroxide: Alkaline agent used in very small amounts to maintain a safe and optimal pH range of the product for maximum efficacy. The pH of a product is important to maintain normal skin pH levels.
Sodium Levulinate: Derived from plant sources, it is an effective yet safe and gentle food grade preservative. It inhibits microbial growth, stabilizes skin formulations and softens and conditions the skin.
Sodium PCA: A plant derived ingredient, and a component of the skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF) When topically applied it functions both as a powerful humectant (moisture retaining) leaving the skin super hydrated while replenishing the skin’s NMF which becomes depleted with age, protecting and restoring the skin barrier.
Squalane: A plant-based emollient, that is structurally similar to squalene naturally present in skin lipids. Lightweight, resistant to oxidation, non-comedogenic and non-irritating, it is easily absorbed into the skin, playing a role in preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL) which effectively counteracts dryness, and enhances suppleness and hydration. Anti-oxidant properties may protect the skin from UV induced age related changes.