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Ingredient Glossary

Aminopropyl Ascorbyl Phosphate: This water-soluble vitamin C derivative and powerful anti-oxidant known for its superior stability, efficacy and non-irritating qualities, is particularly effective for stimulating collagen synthesis with reduction in fine lines and wrinkles and suppressing melanin production, brightening the skin and minimizing dark spots. 

Ascorbyl Glucoside: A highly stable form of vitamin C and effective anti-oxidant that resists degradation and produces beneficial sustained release of active Vitamin C, it limits cellular UV damage, promotes collagen synthesis and reduces the appearance of dark spots resulting in smoother, brighter looking skin.  

Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract: Known for its soothing and therapeutic skin benefits, this multifunctional extract contains numerous valuable bioactive compounds including Vitamin E, phytosterols, flavonoids and a unique polyphenol avenanthramide, which exhibit potent anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-irritant, anti-histaminic, anti-microbial, pigment suppressing, UV protective, skin barrier supportive and moisturizing properties.

Bakuchiol: Derived from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia and other plants, it functions as a potent, but well tolerated natural alternative to retinol, with a similar anti-aging gene expression profile. It offers valuable antioxidant, UV protective, antibacterial, melanin reducing and anti-inflammatory qualities associated with clinically proven anti-acne and antiaging effects, modulating sebum production and bacterial overgrowth in acne and preventing collagen breakdown and stimulating its synthesis, improving wrinkles, elasticity, firmness and hyperpigmentation.

Bisabolol:  This potent anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-microbial, an extract of the German chamomile plant and other plant varieties, is useful for soothing inflamed and irritated skin, limiting free radical induced age-related changes, reducing hyperpigmentation, healing wounds and skin infections, contributing to stable microbe-free formulations and enhancing the effectiveness of other ingredients.

Boerhavia Diffusa Root Extract:  A plant-based extract derived from Boerhavia Diffusa, a valuable medicinal plant known as Purnarnava in Ayurvedic Medicine used for a multitude of therapeutic purposes due to its abundance of nutritional and phyto-chemical constituents including amino-acids, fatty acids, vitamins C and B, calcium, boeravinones (rotenoids), flavonoids, steroids and alkaloids. In addition to its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, and anti-cancer activities, it possesses significant skin lightening capabilities attributed to boeravinone B, inhibiting tyrosinase production the key enzyme in melanin pigment production, safely contributing to an overall uniform and brighter skin tone as well as decreasing the intensity and number of existing hyperpigmented spots. 

Butylene Glycol: A plant based sustainable multifunctional ingredient with humectant, emollient, textural/sensorial enhancing and antimicrobial properties, providing hydration, skin barrier protection with skin softening, formula enhancement and stability.

C10-18 Triglycerides: A plant derived emollient composed of glycerin and fatty-acids which enhances product stability, and provides elegant textural and sensorial qualities. 

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract: A rich source of bioactive compounds and a powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory, UV protective, and anti-microbial properties, this valuable ingredient owes many of its attributes to a concentrated catechin (polyphenol) component, which inhibits destructive enzyme effects on hyaluronic acid, elastin and collagen, prevents oxidation of Vitamin C a key factor in collagen synthesis and improves microcirculation boosting skin nutrition, providing important anti-aging benefits and accelerated wound healing.

Caprylhydroxamic Acid: A gentle plant-based multifunctional antimicrobial and fungistatic agent, derived from coconut oil, used for paraben-free formulations. Maintains product effectiveness and freshness and interacts favorably with other ingredients. Often used in baby skincare formulations

Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil: A powerful natural source of anti-aging compounds, it contains linoleic acid an important polyunsaturated essential fatty acid and skin identical ingredient (naturally found in the skin) contributing to ceramide formation and providing significant moisturizing capabilities, critical in maintaining a healthy skin barrier.  High in vitamin E, phenolic compounds and phytosterols with potent natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and skin lightening properties it prevents and repairs UV damage, diminishes collagen and elastin breakdown, promotes wound healing, is non-comedogenic and helpful in treating acne.

Ceramide NP: A skin identical ceramide with a phytosphingosine base. Ceramides are an important intercellular lipid component of the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of the epidermis and together with cholesterol and fatty acids, ceramides function to maintain a healthy barrier by preventing loss of water and protecting against environmental stressors.  While ceramides are produced naturally, a decline in ceramides occurs with aging which is associated with dryness and age-related changes. Ceramides topically applied, protect and maintain the skin barrier which limits inflammation and improves hydration. The result is a softer, smoother and more youthful appearing skin. 

Chamomilla Recutita Flower Extract (German Chamomile): Bioactive components including α-bisabolol and apigenin, demonstrate potent anti-inflammatory activity along with anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties, effectively soothing inflammatory skin disorders, relieving photodamaged skin and promoting wound healing.

Citric Acid: An alpha-and beta-hydroxy acid with anti-oxidant activity, naturally occurring in citrus fruit and other fruit varieties, it balances pH for optimal formula efficacy and stability and maintenance of skin acid mantle and barrier function. Its skin rejuvenating properties include gentle exfoliation with cell renewal and increased dermal collagen production, resulting in brighter firmer skin. 

Dicaprylyl Carbonate: A light emollient and ecofriendly plant derived silicone alternative, smooths and conditions the skin imparting a supple and silky sensation, bolsters the natural protective barrier and enhances the dispersion and performance of other ingredients

Epilobium Angustifolium Extract (Canadian Willowherb): Commonly known as nature’s alternative to hydrocortisone, its rich polyphenol content with potent anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial and collagen and elastin protective activity, provides soothing and redness/irritation reduction, anti-aging, wound healing and anti-acne benefits.  

Ethyl Palmate: An effective non-sensitizing plant derived emollient (softens and soothes) imparting a silky, elegant feel and non-greasy glow, while enhancing delivery of other ingredients to the skin. 

Garcinia Mangostana Peel Extract: Rich in bioactive phytochemicals with potent free radical neutralizing antioxidant activity, Mangosteen supports a healthy, bright and youthful complexion by limiting elastin, collagen and hyaluronic acid breakdown and diminishing melanin pigmentation. Its strong anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity is beneficial for acne and other inflammatory skin diseases.

Gluconic Acid: Derived from glucose oxidation and naturally occurring in plants and other natural sources including honey, it functions as an ecofriendly chelating agent by binding with metal ions, stabilizing and enhancing formula efficacy and shelf life. 

Glycerin: A skin identical ingredient and important and powerful vegetable derived humectant (retains moisture), replenishes the skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF) and fortifies skin barrier function by enhancing activity of vital water channel proteins in cell membranes which transport hydrating substances into the skin, supports natural desquamation and stabilizes collagen. Glycerin protects the skin and keeps it moisturized, smooth, supple and dewy. 

Glyceryl Caprylate: A valuable, plant derived ingredient which offers powerful natural antibacterial and antifungal preservative boosting properties along with moisturizing, emollient and emulsification capabilities.

Glyceryl Stearate Citrate: An effective and safe plant derived emollient which enhances moisture retention in the skin and functions as a product stabilizer and emulsifier 

Glycolic Acid: This highly effective, small molecular weight, alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) with anti-aging, anti-inflammatory and anti-acne benefits, easily penetrates and exfoliates the outer most layer of the skin, by decreasing cellular cohesion and removing old dull skin cells promoting healthy cell renewal, stimulates dermal collagen production, decreases pigmentation and increases hyaluronic acid levels, revealing brighter, smoother, firmer and more youthful appearing skin.

Hectorite: A type of natural mineral rich clay which draws out skin impurities, emulsifies and stabilizes formulas, improves product texture and imparts silky and smooth sensorial qualities. 

Hyaluronic Acid:  Hyaluronic acid, a powerful humectant and important naturally occurring extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan molecule, found in abundance in the skin and concentrated in the dermis, plays a critical role in maintaining moisture content due to its significant capacity to bind and retain water. Degradation thereof occurs with skin aging, particularly as a result of UV exposure. When topically applied, hyaluronic acid and its derivatives in differing molecular weights, may either form a protective surface layer, limiting evaporation and absorbing moisture or as in the patented type used in our formulation stimulate protein synthesis in tight junctions between the cells reinforcing skin barrier function preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL), stimulate dermal collagen production and support deep hydration, overall imparting a plump, smooth and firmer complexion. 

Kaempferia Galanga Root Extract: A member of the ginger family, traditionally utilized in South East Asian countries for a variety of culinary and therapeutic purposes. Component bioactive phytochemicals including flavonoids exhibit anti-oxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, UV protective and anti-tyrosinase activity providing anti-aging benefits with collagen and elastin protection and decreased pigmentation, complemented by soothing and healing benefits. 

Lactic Acid: A multi-tasking, well-tolerated, alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) gently exfoliates the skin and promotes cellular renewal, resulting in a brighter and more even complexion, decreases pigmentation associated with sun exposure and aging by inhibiting melanin production, boosts hydration and replenishes the skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF) by virtue of its powerful humectant (moisture retaining) properties, improves skin barrier function by promoting ceramide production, prevents acne by unclogging pores, and reduces fine lines and wrinkles by stimulating collagen synthesis. 

Magnolia Acuminata Bark Extract: Traditionally used in Chinese medicine for a variety of therapeutic purposes, its powerful anti-inflammatory compounds, magnolol and honokiol inhibit aging and chronic inflammation pathways. Magnolia bark extract also exhibits antibacterial properties and decreases melanin pigment production, providing a combination of anti-aging, soothing, anti-acne and skin brightening effects. 

Malic Acid: Naturally occurring in apples and other fruit and vegetables, it functions as an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), gently exfoliating, unclogging pores and reducing pigmentation resulting in smoother, radiant skin with improvement in acne while its useful humectant activity boosts hydration. Malic acid stabilizes formula pH and enhances the efficacy of glycolic and lactic acid. 

Malpighia Glabra (Acerola) Fruit Juice: Derived from the fruit of the tropical evergreen shrub, also known as Barbados cherry/West Indian cherry, Acerola is one of the richest natural sources of the powerful anti-oxidant vitamin C (essential for collagen production), contains other vitamins including vitamin A, niacin and folate, minerals and a high concentration of bioactive phytonutrients including phenolic acids, flavonoids, carotenoids, and anthocyanins which exhibit substantial anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-melanogenic and anti-microbial activity providing anti-aging, skin-brightening and anti-acne benefits. 

Maltodextrin: A plant-based polysaccharide and food grade additive with humectant properties (retains moisture), stabilizes and improves product texture and enhances the activity of other ingredients. 

Niacinamide: A form of vitamin B3 which demonstrates extraordinary skin benefits with data showing convincing anti-aging effects. It has the ability to penetrate the skin and increase the levels of potent antioxidants, improves skin barrier function with reduced moisture loss by stimulating ceramide synthesis and cell turnover, decreases yellowish discoloration of the skin, reduces fine lines and wrinkles by increasing dermal matrix collagen production, improves skin elasticity, reduces hyperpigmentation by preventing transfer of melanin pigment to keratinocytes (cells in the outermost layer of the skin), demonstrates potent anti-inflammatory activity in the treatment of acne vulgaris and shrinks enlarged pores.

Olea Europea Fruit Oil: Natural phenolic compounds, fatty-acids and squalene in olive oil provide potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and moisturizing benefits, limiting premature skin aging and promoting skin healing.

Oryza Sativa Extract:  Derived from phytonutrient rich rice bran, it is rich in potent anti-oxidants including ferulic acid, gamma-oryzanol and vitamins E and B, with polysaccharides and omega fatty acids, all contributing to its anti-aging properties by limiting UV damage, elastin breakdown, inflammation, hyperpigmentation, and boosting hydration, promoting a firmer, smoother, and more even complexion. 

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5: An innovative ingredient, which acts as a signaling or messenger peptide by both activating a growth factor boosting collagen production and decreasing collagen breakdown by inhibiting collagenases (collagen degrading enzymes) resulting in firmer, smoother more youthful appearing skin. 

Phragmites Communis Extract: Extracted from a water reed found in swamplands in many parts of the world and traditionally utilized for its medicinal and therapeutic properties, has the ability to decrease melanin pigmentation due to free-radical scavenging anti-oxidant activity with suppression of tyrosinase, the key enzyme in melanin production. 

Phytic Acid: A natural plant antioxidant derived from legumes, oil seeds, and grains including rice, phytic acid functions as a gentle AHA exfoliator, pigment reducer, humectant and chelator (binds metal ions). It enhances skin luminosity, hydration and texture, improves acne and stabilizes formulations. 

Poria Cocus Extract: Derived from an edible mushroom widely utilized for centuries in Traditional Chinese Medicine for its an extraordinary variety of therapeutic properties, including anti-tumorigenesis. Its predominant bioactive compounds, triterpines and polysaccharides including beta glucan contribute valuable hydrating, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and anti-acne activity, melanin pigment suppression, and skin barrier and collagen support, providing anti-aging, soothing and healing effects. 

Portulaca Oleracea Extract (Purslane) : Derived from an edible, nutrient rich, medicinal plant, rich in bioactive compounds  including important flavonoids and phenolic compounds, vitamins C, A and alpha-tocopherol, glutathione, abundant omega-3 fatty acids, polysaccharides and skin beneficial minerals, which contribute to its strong anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, hydrating, soothing, wound healing, immune modulating, anti-tumor and telomere protective properties, providing significant anti-aging and cellular supportive benefits.

Potassium Sorbate: A mild and safe parabens alternative food grade preservative and antimicrobial which enhances product stability and contamination by limiting mostly fungal and also bacterial growth 

Propanediol: A natural sugar derived ingredient, replacing petroleum-based glycols. Its humectant (moisture retaining) and emollient (softening and soothing) properties hydrate and condition the skin, it enhances absorption and delivery of other ingredients, improves product texture, boosts preservative efficacy, and imparts a healthy glow.

Sclerotium Gum: A natural polysaccharide alternative to synthetic polymers, used to stabilize, emulsify, thicken and enhance product texture with skin soothing and moisturizing properties.

Shorea Stenoptera Seed Butter: Rich in beneficial fatty acids and vitamins A and E, also known as Illipe butter, it has powerful moisturizing and emollient properties, enhances the skin barrier protective function, improves elasticity and protects against UV damage and premature aging.

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil:  Derived from a medicinal plant, with a wide range of therapeutic properties this unique antioxidant plant wax which mimics human sebum closely, contains valuable phytonutrients including wax esters, flavonoids, sterols, fatty acids and vitamins D, E and A.  Biocompatible and highly stable, it is easily absorbed, non-greasy and non-comedogenic with superior moisturizing and emollient properties, enhancing skin hydration. A good choice for acne-prone skin along with its sebum balancing, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties it also provides useful natural UV protection, stimulates collagen production, promotes wound healing and enhances formula activity. 

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate: A vitamin C derivative. Highly stable, water-soluble, converted by enzymes in the skin to ascorbic acid, an essential skin nutrient, allowing it to penetrate and be more effective. By providing significant anti-oxidant benefits, it protects against UV damage and premature skin aging, supports collagen synthesis, reduces dark spots, promotes skin barrier function and wound healing and provides acne fighting benefits. 

Sodium Benzoate: A versatile safe food grade and medicinal preservative, derived from benzoic acid, which occurs widely in plants. Used in small amounts it plays a crucial role, enhancing the safety and stability of formulas by inhibiting harmful microbial growth. 

Sodium Hydroxide: Alkaline agent used in very small amounts to maintain a safe and optimal pH range of the product for maximum efficacy. The pH of a product is important to maintain normal skin pH levels.

Sodium Levulinate: Derived from plant sources, it is an effective yet safe and gentle food grade preservative. It inhibits microbial growth, stabilizes skin formulations and softens and conditions the skin. 

Sodium PCA:  A plant derived ingredient, and a component of the skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF) When topically applied it functions both as a powerful humectant (moisture retaining) leaving the skin super hydrated while replenishing the skin’s NMF which becomes depleted with age, protecting and restoring the skin barrier.

Squalane: A plant-based emollient, that is structurally similar to squalene naturally present in skin lipids. Lightweight, resistant to oxidation, non-comedogenic and non-irritating, it is easily absorbed into the skin, playing a role in preventing transepidermal water loss (TEWL) which effectively counteracts dryness, and enhances suppleness and hydration. Anti-oxidant properties may protect the skin from UV induced age related changes. 

Tocopherol:  Biologically active vitamin E with powerful anti-oxidant properties, this fat-soluble vitamin stabilizes and protects the lipid containing cell membranes against free radical attack limiting age related and UV damage, provides skin barrier support promoting hydration and provides formula protection extending shelf life. Vitamin C acts as a synergist to vitamin E in formulations.

Tocopherol Acetate: A derivative by esterification of naturally sourced vitamin E with high oxidation stability that is converted enzymatically and slowly released as the biologically active form of Vitamin E in the skin. 


Triethyl Citrate: An ecofriendly ingredient produced from natural citric acid, enhances product efficacy, ingredient stability, sensorial qualities and softens and smooths the skin. 


Water (Aqua): Highly purified water serves as an important formula enhancer and solvent, boosts effectiveness of other ingredients, and replenishes moisture on the skin’s surface. 


Xanthan Gum: A naturally derived polysaccharide produced through fermentation of sugar, used to stabilize, emulsify, thicken and enhance product texture and skin hydration.